Country: Egypt

Population: 80,335,036

Capital: Cairo

Time Zone: UTC+2

Currency Name: Egyptian pound (EGP)

Government Type: republic

Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Ethnic Breakdown: Egyptian 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%

Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%

Major Cities: Cairo, Alexandria

Phone Country Code: 20

Health Concerns:

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: no peak season

Voltage: 220 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c

Major Holidays: January 7 (Coptic Christmas Day), Islamic New Year, Easter, May 1 (Labor Day), June 18 (Evacuation Day), July 23 (Revolution Day), August 15 (Flooding of the Nile), October 6 (Armed Forces Day), October 24 (Suez Victory Day), December 23 (Victory Day)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: A group of Egyptian tombs is called a Necropolis