St. Petersburg – the symbol of European Russia, by right thought to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Unlike other Russian cities, with their common monosyllabic names, the name “Sankt Piterburh” (how it sounds in Russian) consists of two words, each with its own meaning. Sankt is the Latin for “Saint”, “Peter” is the name of the apostle Saint Peter (which is, by the way, translated from Greek as “the stone”), and “burgh” is the Dutch for “city”. This way, the name of the former Russian capital unites the name of its tsar, its saint patron and cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, Germany and Holland.
The city stands on the Neva River, at the spot where it flows into the Gulf of Finland. The climate is therefore damp – winter is mild and summer is rather cool. The city’s northern location is also the reason for such a unique phenomenon as “the white nights”, which can be observed from May 25th to July 17th. St.Petersburg is one of the largest cities in the world, with a population of more than 5,000 inhabitants. It is also a large industrial, cultural and scientific centre and an important traffic centre.
It is not surprising to find lots of universities, theatres, museums, offices and factories. The former capital of Russia (it played this role in 1712-28 and 1732-1918), faced many important political happenings, like the February Revolution and the October Revolution. During the Great Patriotic War, the city faced a 900-day siege. Thanks to its heroic resistance to the enemy, it was officially awarded the title of the "Hero City".
St. Petersburg boasts a great number of architectural ensembles and is, therefore, a true magnet for tourists. The Peter and Paul Fortress, Alexander Nevsky Monastery, Smolny Cathedral, Palace Square and the Winter Palace, the Alexander Column and The Bronze Horseman are a few of its attractions. In 1960, a Piskariovskoye Memorial Cemetery sobering monument was built in the city.
Several suburban attractions are the fountains of Peterhof, parks and palaces of Pushkin, Pavlovsk, Gatchina, etc. Come to St. Petersburg. You will definitely enjoy it! The city will enchant you with its northern beauty and traditional hospitality. Summer Petersburg is renowned for its white nights, when the sun goes down for just a couple of hours and the rest of night is as bright as daytime. What a great chance to extend your walks around the city streets! It is in summer that visitors like to watch bridges draw.
St. Petersburg has a fabulous view in the autumn! Yellow, red and dark-green leaves make it not only a model for photography, but also a draw for romantic personalities. Autumn is the best time to visit the city suburbs. Their parks and palaces look exceptionally elegant and beautiful during the period. Winter is good for a calm visit to the city palaces, museums and theatres. The weather is chilly and often slushy, but the number of tourists is smaller, so you are more likely to find a proper accommodation – choice is extensive. The calm halls of local museums will tell you the story of the city, its shows will impress you with a diversity of Russian traditions, Russian character and soul. Hiding from winter in cosy cafes and restaurants is a real pleasure. In spring you will feel the pleasures of nature awakening, everything breathes with freshness while the ice on the Neva river melts. Go to St.Petersburg and enjoy its beauty.