Balkan Adventure: A Trace of Thrace – Bulgaria, Europe

I was on the train from Budapest through the Balkans, on my way to Bulgaria, chainsmoking and guzzling Bull’s Blood wine, when the train came to a juddering halt, boarded by heavily armed Serbian soldiers. A Serb with an impressive handlebar moustache and an assault rifle demanded my passport.
“Americansky!” The Serb spat. “You must get off train!”
Knees buckling, I asked, “The train won’t leave without me, will it?”

With all the political turmoil in the ex-Yugoslavia, I was seriously creeped out. I hoped this wasn’t an internment camp or something.
“You must get Serbian visa!” he announced officiously. He rattled off something in a Cyrillic alphabet soup to his comrade, then briskly led me off the train. I knew I should have taken the more roundabout route through Romania rather than Yugoslavia. But for this to be a true trip through the Balkans, I had to take the more direct path.

Inside a wooden shack they interrogated me.
“I’m going to Bulgaria, not Serbia," I assured them.
“Why are you going to Bulgaria?” the moustached man asked, eyeing me suspiciously.
I didn’t want them to think I was a spy, or, worse, a reporter. I said, “Uh, for vacation.” They burst out laughing. The border guards seemed amused I was taking a “vacation” in Bulgaria. They let me back on the train, but not in on the joke. They obviously knew something I didn’t. Judging by their somewhat sinister laughter, I really had no idea what was in store for me.

Destination: Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
The blond-haired, blue-eyed Moslem stood defiantly, playing the Rhodope bagpipes in the square, its sad wail reminiscent of the ululations of the muezzins who were rapidly disappearing throughout modernizing Bulgaria. He was a Pomak, an ethnic Slav Bulgarian whose family had converted to Islam under Ottoman rule. Today Bulgaria is a staunchly Orthodox Christian country. Like all Balkan nations, it had its fair share of Moslems and Gypsys who hadn’t quite integrated under the former communist government’s enforced “Bulgarization” program. This is just an example of a paradox in what could be the dizzyingly mysterious Balkans’ most puzzling jigsaw piece.

A view of the central old quarter

A view of the central old quarter

Well off the beaten European tourist trail, Plovdiv had a lot of remnants of the past to recommend it. There was a gorgeous Ottoman mosque, as well as Roman ruins and, too good to be true, even older ancient pre-Greek Thracian ruins. The place did indeed have a magical, almost Orphic atmosphere. Over there a Turk unrolling his prayer mat in the marketplace, over there a man leading a trained bear on a leash, and over there a midget in evening clothes waiting tables at a restaurant.
It felt like I had jumped into a Tintin comic. Surely Bulgaria must have been the inspiration for the mythical kingdom of “Syldavia” that Tintin visited in King Ottakar’s Scepter? The only other things I knew about Bulgaria were that Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian defector, was killed on London Bridge in broad daylight by being casually poked in the ribs with a poison-tipped umbrella, and that Bulgaria was the setting for the evil baron who hated children from Chitty Chitty Bang Bang!

Built over an ancient Thracian site, Plovdiv was called Philippopolis when it was founded in 342 B.C. As I walked around the lower town, I noted the Byzantine walls, Roman columns, and Ottoman minarets. The Hisar Kapiya (Fortress Gate) was built back in the times of Philip II of Macedon: a trace of Thrace. Walking into the Stariyat Grad (Old Town), I couldn’t believe how picturesque were the 19th-century timber-framed mansions almost coming to loggerheads on the narrow cobblestone streets – the product of the so-called Bulgarian Renaissance.

Amid this stunning Balkanesque backdrop were more people than the city could hold: I had arrived in the middle of an international trade fair, the largest in the Balkans. Said a dodgy Brit with bad teeth in for the fair, “The fair is great, mate; my trade is, of course, ‘pharmaceuticals’."
Joining the korso (evening promenade) down Ulitsa Knyaz Aleksandar I, I set off to uncover a restaurant. Although most of the eateries were full of trade-fair revelers, I finally landed at a table outside a small dump on a sidestreet. I wondered why the eatery was almost empty. I also wondered why such a beautiful city was almost unknown. With a little renovation we had another undiscovered Prague or Talinn on our hands.

After waiting an hour for my Bulgarian grub (tripe soup!), I was steaming mad. I should have just gotten some fresh yoghurt and baklava (both purportedly Bulgarian inventions) at the marketplace. When my lukewarm “special” and red wine finally arrived, I remarked on the poor quality of both to the dwarf waiter. I asked for the bill.
“The wine is very special,” the dwarf explained in a piping castrato voice, as I eyed the bill, featuring a hefty markup. I’d heard of this before: a simple case of a menu switch.
Nah-un. No way.
After arguing about the bill for several minutes, the dwarf ran back inside and got the waiter, who, believe it or not, was wearing one of those big bulgy Chef Boyardee hats. He yelled loudly at me in Bulgarian. I felt like I was in one of those Tony Curtis “Great Race” movies, facing the villain. I refused to be extorted.

Two youngish travelers, looking very Lonely Planet, came out, saying, “Hey, what’s all the trouble?” An American with a Midwestern accent, who was teaching English in Plovdiv, expertly negotiatied in cutting down the bill somewhat, as I noted the strange Bulgarian mannerism and custom of nodding the head no and shaking the head yes. An inexplicable upside-downer. Which made it hard to follow the course of the conversation.
Finally, it was all hearty guffaws and blagodaryas (thank yous) all around.

The Roman Amphitheatre of Plovdiv

The Roman Amphitheatre of Plovdiv

Then I left with the American and his Bulgarian sidekick and went to the amazing almost-perfectly-preserved Roman ampitheater to sacrifice a bottle of Bulgarian red in the moonlight. One of Bulgaria’s early rulers, Khan Krum, used to drink wine out of his enemies’ skulls, I remembered reading somewhere. Probably better and more hygienic than passing around the bottle. In the moonlight, among the ruins, the American said, “I can tell you’re different.”
I had been a houseguest of the American and Bulgarian for several days, when the American (name withheld) hinted that he may or may not work for a well-known intelligence-gathering company usually referred to by three letters. He also offered to take me on a tour of the Bachkovo Monastery.
“Christianity in Bulgaria is a little different,” the Bulgarian said softly, a mysterious smile parting his beard. “It’s a kind of mix between Christianity and Paganism!”

With this in mind later the next day, I accompanied the American on a series of bus rides, filled with Universal-Pictures-like gypsies wearing outlandish garb, until we found ourselves at the beginning of a wide valley leading to Bachkovo, founded in 1083 and now a UNESCO site. After a while, I asked if we could head back. There was something strange about the valley that gave me the willies. We stopped and the American found a stone sculpture that he had made and left behind on the trail on a previous trip. He commented, “Did you know that some people think monks can walk straight through mountains?”

We began to push uphill.
We came across a small enchanted fountain for washing our feet. We ran into some other pilgrims walking the path, their icon eyes blazing. They said something to us. The American translated for us, “The Truth!”
Entering the monastery through a door leading into a cobbled courtyard, we saw some frescos depicting the torments of hell. At the Sveta Bogoroditsa, a church built in 1604, we admired the transplanted Georgian icon of the Virgin, which the American said, “looks like it’s from outer space". Indeed, all the Byzantine mosaics and frescos had figures with golden-halo helmets and otherworldly robes. On this day, black-robed Bulgarian monks swung censers to “drive away evil spirits". On the walls I noticed little eyes in pyramids, which many believe are Masonic symbols. The Cyrillic alphabet was invented somewhere in these parts by the Bulgarian monks, Cyril and Methodius.

After admiring the church, we took a hike to reach a remote chapel, which would have been impossible to find without the American as a guide. Going up a steep hill we came across an old picture of Christ in a cracked glass frame, then went on up the hill to yet another chapel farther up the mountain. On the way I noticed little bits of rags tied to the branches of trees.
“What’s that for?” I asked, when an old babushka crone came out of nowhere – yes, cackling.
“The Baba, the Baba!” the American laughed cryptically, as she ascended the hill with her gnarled wooden cane. “A witch!” He whistled.

At a chapel on the edge of time, the American led me inside: “There’s something I want you to see.” Inside, there was an ancient Christ Pantocrator painted on the ceiling and a prayer niche with a velvet curtain in front of it. “Can I borrow your camera? There’s something scary I want you to see!” He shot a photo into the recess, and there was a bright flash! The Manichaean fresco was thus illumined. What the! Nooo! I have to admit I was elementally startled by what I saw. You have to go there yourself to see what it is. Let’s just say, there was an ancient heresy in Bulgaria called the Bogomils (circa 10th century), who believed the world was created not by God but by Satan.

Back in town at a Thracian excavation site, we puzzled over why there was no one to protect the ruins from plunderers. The Thracians, who practiced an orgiastic free-love religion linked to the Greek god Dionysus, were skilled archers and equestrians. One group called the Capnobatae (“Smoke Treaders”) got high on hemp seeds. I carefully arranged a pile of ancient Thracian phalluses, an archaeologist’s wet dream, and snapped a photo. I was really digging Thrace.
“You can take some if you want,” said the American. “Except they’d probably confiscate them at the airport.” Grabbing a phallus as a souvenir and inserting it into my daypack, I had for the first time in my life become an amateur smuggler.

Right before I left Plovdiv, while boarding the train to Instanbul, I noticed a tour group of people wearing T-shirts emblazoned – Florida Friendship Front. I pointed this out to the American, who laughed, “Let’s see, FFF”—a David Letterman-like smile creased his face—“So F is the sixth letter of the alphabet, so 666, the number of the Beast!” Everyone laughed uproariously. Clever, yes, but I have to admit I was also a little spooked. I hoped the train didn’t have some secret ulterior destination I didn’t know about yet.
I boarded, waved goodbye and settled into my compartment. 

Somewhere in European Thrace, there was a sudden crash! On impact I went flying backward in my cabin. The bunk above my head slammed down off its hinges like an accordion in a crowded beer hall. I would have been killed had I not been thrown backward. Wow, the train had hit a truck and was now derailed! Thanking my lucky stars to be in one piece, I got off as Turkish workmen grimaced, ran around like maniacs, dangerously smoked cigarettes near leaking oil. Nobody seemed to know what to do.
It was a fitting end to my mysterious little trip through the Balkans. Eventually a dolmus arrived and I pressed in like Jim Morrison breaking on through to the “other side", headed for Instanbul, the ex-Constantinople, sort of lost with my secret in the Turkish part of European Thrace, in the place where Europe ends and Asia begins.

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