Country: Afghanistan

Population: 31,889,923

Capital: Kabul

Time Zone: UTC+4.5

Currency Name: afghani (AFA)

Government Type: Islamic republic

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Ethnic Breakdown: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%

Major Cities: Kabul

Phone Country Code: 93

Health Concerns: high risk of food, waterborne, vectorborne, and animal contact diseases (diarrhea, Hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, rabies, avian flu)

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: no peak season

Voltage: 220 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c, f

Major Holidays: Ashura, Mount Arafat Day, Navruz, Roze-Maulud, April 18 (Liberation Day), April 28 (Revolution Day), May 1 (Labor Day), August 19 (National Day), Ramadan

Misc Fact / Good to Know: The Taliban took over in 1996.