Country: India

Population: 1,129,866,154

Capital: New Delhi

Time Zone: UTC+5.5

Currency Name: Indian rupee (INR)

Government Type: Federal republic

Languages: English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language

Ethnic Breakdown: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%

Religion: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%

Major Cities: New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur

Phone Country Code: 91

Health Concerns: high risk of food, waterborne, vectorborne and animal contact diseases (diarrhea, Hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, avian flu)

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: no peak season

Voltage: 230 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c, d

Major Holidays: January 1 (New Year's Day), January 15 (Pongal/Sankranti), Islamic New Year, January 26 (Republic Day), March 4 (Holi), March 27 (Ramnavmi), March 31 (Mahavir Jayanti), May 1 (Labor Day), Easter, State Bank of India Day, August 15 (Independence Day), August 28 (Rakshabandhan), September 15 (Festival of Lord Ganesha), October 2 (Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi), October 13 (Idu'l Fitr), October 21 (Dassera), November 9 (Diwali), November 14 (Children's Day), November 21 (Feast of the Sacrifice), December 25 (Christmas Day)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: 34% of MICROSOFT employees are Indian.