Country: Nepal

Population: 28,901,790

Capital: Kathmandu

Time Zone: UTC+5.75

Currency Name: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Government Type: Parliamentary democracy

Languages: Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5%

Ethnic Breakdown: Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8%

Religion: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9%

Major Cities: Kathmandu

Phone Country Code: 977

Health Concerns:

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: June - August

Voltage: 230 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c, d

Major Holidays: Vasant Panchami, January 30 (Martyr's Day), February 19 (National Democracy Day), Festival of Horses, March 4 (Holi), March 6 (Shivaratri), March 8 (Nepalese Women's Day), March 27 (Ram Nawami), Chaite Dashain, April 14 (New Year's Day), May 2 (Buddha's Birthday), August 20 (Children's Day), August 28 (Rakshya Bandhan), September 3 (Krishna Janmashtami), September 18 (Fulpati Saptami), September 19 (Maha Asthami), September 20 (Maha Nawarmi), September 21 (Vijaya Dashami), October 11 (Laxhmi Puja), October 12 (Ghatasthapana), November 9 (Constitution Day)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: When visiting a temple, you should always walk around it in a clockwise direction.