Country: Pakistan

Population: 164,741,924

Capital: Islamabad

Time Zone: UTC+5

Currency Name: Pakistani rupee (PKR)

Government Type: Federal republic

Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%

Ethnic Breakdown: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Religion: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3%

Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi

Phone Country Code: 92

Health Concerns: high risk of food, waterborne, vectorborne and animal contact diseases (darrhea, Hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, cutaneous leishmaniasis, rabies, avian flu)

Official Tourism Website: http://www.tourism.gov.pk/

High Travel Season: May - October

Voltage: 220 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c, d

Major Holidays: February 5 (Kashmir Day), March 23 (Pakistan Islamic Republic Day), May 1 (Labor Day), August 14 (Independence Day), September 6 (Defense Day), November 9 (Iqbal Day), December 25 (Jinnah Day)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: Multan is the oldest city in Pakistan