Country: Nicaragua

Population: 5,675,356

Capital: Managua

Time Zone: UTC-6

Currency Name: gold cordoba (NIO)

Government Type: Republic

Languages: Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8%

Ethnic Breakdown: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religion: Roman Catholic 72.9%, Evangelical 15.1%, Moravian 1.5%, Episcopal 0.1%, other 1.9%, none 8.5%

Major Cities: Managua

Phone Country Code: 505

Health Concerns:

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: December - February

Voltage: 120 V - 60 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: a

Major Holidays: January 1 (New Year's Day), February 1 (Air Force Day), Easter, May 1 (Labor Day), May 27 (Army Day), July 19 (Liberation Day), September 14 (Battle of San Jacinto), September 15 (Independence Day), December 8 (Immaculate Conception), December 25 (Christmas Day), December 31 (New Year's Eve)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: People in Nicaragua have two last names. The mother's name goes before the father's name.