Updated 2016 The island of Cyprus, third largest in the Mediterranean, is a land divided. The southern and western parts of the island are controlled by Greek Cypriots and is called the Republic of Cyprus, while the more eastern part is controlled by Turkey and is called the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Only the Republic of Cyprus is recognized as a country, as the TRNC is recognized only by Turkey. The United Nations maintains a peacekeeping force along the border between the two groups, although there haven't been any instances of violence recently and there is some indication that some kind of reuinification could happen. It used to be that travelers who wished to go to the TRNC and then back to the Republic of Cyprus would have trouble, but with the advent of the EU that isn't supposed to be the case anymore. The Cyprus embassy in the US has recommended, however, that American passport holders would be better off entering from the "legal" points on the Greek side. Start with Cyprus Travel Facts.