Country: Syria

Population: 19,314,747

Capital: Damascus

Time Zone: UTC+2

Currency Name: Syrian pound (SYP)

Government Type: republic under an authoritarian military-dominated regime

Languages: Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

Ethnic Breakdown: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)

Major Cities: Damascus

Phone Country Code: 963

Health Concerns:

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: June - August

Voltage: 220 V - 50 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: c, e, l

Major Holidays:

Misc Fact / Good to Know: The first coffeehouse was opened in Damascus, Syria in 1530.