Country: Peru

Population: 28,674,757

Capital: Lima

Time Zone: UTC-5

Currency Name: nuevo sol (PEN)

Government Type: Constitutional republic

Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages

Ethnic Breakdown: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Religion: Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7%, other 0.6%, unspecified or none 16.3%

Major Cities: Lima, Arequipa, Cusco

Phone Country Code: 51

Health Concerns:

Official Tourism Website:

High Travel Season: June - August

Voltage: 220 V - 60 Hz

Electrical Plug Type: a, b, c

Major Holidays: January 1 (New Year's Day), Easter, May 1 (Labor Day), June 29 (St. Peter & St. Paul), July 28-29 (Independence Day), August 30 (St. Rose of Lima), October 8 (Naval Battle of Angamos), November 1 (All Saints Day), December 8 (Immaculate Conception), December 25 (Christmas Day)

Misc Fact / Good to Know: Llamas use their ears to communicate.